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Impact of school peanut-free policies on epinephrine administration

Published:March 24, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaci.2017.01.040

      Background

      Children with food allergies spend a large proportion of time in school but characteristics of allergic reactions in schools are not well studied. Some schools self-designate as peanut-free or have peanut-free areas, but the impact of policies on clinical outcomes has not been evaluated.

      Objective

      We sought to determine the effect of peanut-free policies on rates of epinephrine administration for allergic reactions in Massachusetts public schools.

      Methods

      In this retrospective study, we analyzed (1) rates of epinephrine administration in all Massachusetts public schools and (2) Massachusetts public school nurse survey reports of school peanut-free policies from 2006 to 2011 and whether schools self-designated as “peanut-free” based on policies. Rates of epinephrine administration were compared for schools with or without peanut-restrictive policies.

      Results

      The percentage of schools with peanut-restrictive policies did not change significantly in the study time frame. There was variability in policies used by schools self-designated as peanut-free. No policy was associated with complete absence of allergic reactions. Both self-designated peanut-free schools and schools banning peanuts from being served in school or brought from home reported allergic reactions to nuts. Policies restricting peanuts from home, served in schools, or having peanut-free classrooms did not affect epinephrine administration rates. Schools with peanut-free tables, compared to without, had lower rates of epinephrine administration (incidence rate per 10,000 students 0.2 and 0.6, respectively, P = .009).

      Conclusions

      These data provide a basis for evidence-based school policies for children with food allergies. Further studies are required before decisions can be made regarding peanut-free policies in schools.

      Key words

      Abbreviations used:

      AY (Academic year), IR (Incidence rate), MDPH (Massachusetts Department of Public Health)
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      Linked Article

      • Epinephrine use as a measure of successful food allergy management
        Journal of Allergy and Clinical ImmunologyVol. 140Issue 4
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          In their recent article “Impact of school peanut-free policies on epinephrine administration,” Bartnikas et al1 examine the effect of peanut-free policies on epinephrine administration in Massachusetts Public Schools, as a proxy for the effect of peanut-free policies on rates of allergic reactions.
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