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Comparison of results of skin prick tests (with fresh foods and commercial food extracts) and RAST in 100 patients with oral allergy syndrome

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      Abstract

      One hundred adult patients with a history of oral allergy syndrome (OAS) after ingestion of fruits and vegetables, 77 patients with hay fever and 13 with skin prick tests and RAST positive to pollens but without seasonal symptoms, and 32 normal nonallergic control subjects, had Phadebas RAST and skin prick tests with commercial extracts (CSPT) and with fresh foods (FFSPT) to assess the reliability of these three tests. Sensitivity was better with FFSPT for carrot, celery, cherry, apple, tomato, orange, and peach; better with CSPT for peanut, pea, and walnut; and better with RAST for hazelnut. Specificity, negative predictive value, and positive predictive value of the three tests were determined for apple, carrot, hazelnut, orange, pea, peanut, and tomato. Specificity in the patient groups ranged between 40% (pea) and 100% (apple) for CSPT, between 61% (peanut) and 87% (carrot) for RAST, and between 42% (carrot) and 93% (peanut) for FFSPT. However, all tests were negative in the control group. Thus, false positive results may result from cross-reactivity with pollen allergens. The diagnostic accuracy of these tests in the population with OAS proved comparable for peanut, carrot, hazelnut, and pea. FFSPT proved more sensitive than CSPT or RAST in confirming a history of OAS to certain alimentary allergens, such as apple, orange, tomato, carrot, cherry, celery, and peach.

      Abbreviations:

      OAS (Oral allergy syndrome), HS (Hollister-Stier Laboratories), SPT (Skin prick test), CSPT (Commercial extracts skin prick test), FFSPT (Fresh food skin prick test), SE (Sensitivity), SP (Specificity), PPV (Positive predictive value), NPV (Negative predictive value)
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